Myanmar Energy Sector Assessment
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1. This initial assessment of Myanmar’s energy sector highlights the government’s plans for
addressing priority energy needs, challenges and opportunities, and identifies—in a preliminary
manner—possible areas of support by development partners. The assessment will be periodically revised
based on new information and reflecting the evolving development partnership with Myanmar.
2. Like most other development partners, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has not extended
loan or technical assistance to Myanmar since the late 1980s. However, ADB has maintained limited
involvement with the government through the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Program of Economic
Cooperation, the energy component of which has provided fragmented information on Myanmar’s power
supply system and its generation and transmission plans. Myanmar’s energy sector, though, involves
much more than regional cooperation in electricity generation and supply via hydropower. As described
in this initial assessment of the energy sector, in addition to huge hydropower potential, Myanmar has
important petroleum and coal reserves. Myanmar’s extensive forest coverage is the primary source of
energy for most households.
3. In order to have a better understanding of Myanmar’s energy sector, an ADB mission visited
Myanmar from 20 through 30 September 2011. The information and findings gathered during the
mission served in drafting an initial assessment of the sector. Subsequently, the assessment has been
updated to reflect the findings of follow-up ADB missions and consultations with the government.
To more fully determine the current status and needs of the energy sector, intensive analysis must be
conducted concerning capacity building requirements, the institutional structure, the policy and
regulatory framework, energy efficiency, renewable and “green” energy, and other issues.